Laparoscopic surgery also referred to as minimally invasive surgery describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient.
Laparoscopic surgery decreases the size of incisions used by surgeons resulting in less pain and scarring, a shortened hospital stay and a faster recovery compared to traditional surgical techniques. Laparoscopic surgery is sometimes called Keyhole Surgery, Band-Aid Surgery and Minimally Invasive Surgery.